|Instructional Methods and Materials
||Examples of UDL Tools/Solutions
||Student cannot see small text
||Locate the text in digital format. If the text is in a web page, you can click CTRL-+ to enlarge it on the screen. If not a website, then import the text into a word processing program or text reader software to enlarge.
|Student cannot decode at grade level
||Use online media tools with read aloud and leveled text.
Students use Read&Write for Google, Natural Reader or Kurzweil to read and listen to digital copies of the text.
|Student has difficulty comprehending vocabulary
||Students use the dictionary feature in Kurzweil or a web-based dictionary to look up unknown words.
|Student has difficulty with critical thinking
||Teacher embeds questions in the Kurzweil text using “notes" to foster critical thinking.
|Lecture/ whole class presentation
||Student is distractible and misses information
||Teacher provides guided notes at multiple levels.
|Student has difficult processing verbal information
||Teacher uses PowerPoint to introduce and review new concepts and vocabulary.
|Student has difficulty comprehending material content
||Teacher locates appropriate web-based background material or informational text at reading level that can be saved and imported into a document to be read by a text-reader.
|Checking for understanding
||Student has difficulty with new concepts and vocabulary
||Use Inspiration, Kidspiration or Pixie to pair vocabulary with images to demonstrate understanding.
Teacher uses PowerPoint or ActivInspire to introduce and review new concepts and vocabulary with multi-sensory supports.
Use images or drawings to represent vocabulary non-linguistically in paper or digital form
||Student has difficulty with organization.
||Provide an Inspiration outline template in digitized form to complete electronically.
|Student may not be able to extract important content
||Provide text in MS Word with embedded focus questions and highlights to cue main ideas/important facts. Use Natural Reader or other text read to read aloud.
Review the UDL Features of the Centrally Purchased Online Subcription Services.
||Student cannot hand write legibly
||Provide access to word processors and/or build keyboarding skills.
|Student cannot outline and organize ideas
||Use Sticky Note Strategy for student to dictate ideas and organize them into paragraphs.
Use organization features in Inspiration or Noodle Tools to scaffold the organization of the writing piece.
|Student has difficulty with written language
||For young writers and older students who are emergent writers, Clicker6 provides picture and word bank support to structure writing opportunities.
|Student struggles with spelling
||Explore use of word prediction software and text-to-speech (e.g.WordQ) to predict correct spellings and self-edit writing
||Student cannot write or type
||Digital audio recorders can be used to record important discussions or lectures for review later.
|Student cannot read own handwriting
||Portable word processors, like the Fusion and Forte, can be a more efficient way of taking notes for students who can type faster than they can write.
|Student cannot write quickly
|Word prediction software like WordQ can speed up the typing process by limiting the number of keystrokes required to write.
|Live Scribe Pens record the audio syncronized with written notes. Students can write key words or pictures and hear the lecture again later when tapping on the word.
||Student cannot draw representationally
||Use clip-art/graphics from internet in place of hand drawings.
||Student has speech difficulties
||Use Windows Movie Maker or PhotoStory with images, text and audio to present information.
|Student has difficulty presenting orally in front of peers
||Use of PowerPoint or PhotoStory with pre-recorded speech and images to demonstrate knowledge.
|Tests/quizzes or worksheets
||Student cannot read questions
||Open the quiz with a text reader like Kurzweil or use the floating toolbar from Natural Reader or WordQ to read the text on the screen.
|Student cannot retrieve key content vocabulary with ease
||Use Inspiration to pair vocabulary with images to demonstrate understanding.
|Student cannot answer questions in writing
||Open the worksheet in Kurzweil and use highlighters to highlight answers, text notes to type answers or voice notes to record answers to questions.
|Student cannot handwrite to to label maps/graphics
||Use PowerPoint or Inspiration to important and label images.
|Organizational skills/work habits
||Student has difficulty completing homework
||Explore strategies to help organize/plan assignments.