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Bullying, Harassment, or Intimidation Prevention

Report Bullying, Harassment, or Intimidation Prevention

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Safe Schools MD

group of childrenMontgomery County Public Schools is strongly committed to providing an equitable, positive, and respectful school culture where all students can safely learn in an environment that encourages academic and social success. Any behavior that creates a hostile school environment, disrupts learning and school activities, or negatively interferes with a student's academic, psychological, social or physical well-being will not be tolerated.

Montgomery County Board Policy JHF and MCPS Regulation JHF-RA provide procedures that address the prohibition of bullying in schools by implementing prevention, early intervention, remedial activities, and specific consequences as needed, and guard against reprisal or retaliation against individuals who report acts of bullying.

Every school has a team of professionals that are available to students and parents. To find the resources available at your school, go to Be Well 365 and enter your school name in the Find Resources For Your School search box. For questions related to bullying prevention, please contact the Office of Student and Family Support and Engagement at 240-740-5630.

What is Bullying, Harassment, or Intimidation?


Bullying, Harassment, or Intimidation is defined as any unwanted, intentional, repeated behavior by one or more individuals made with the intent to harm, intimidate, or humiliate a targeted person or group. It is characterized by a real or perceived imbalance of power or strength that is meant to control or harm the target and can be motivated by the target's actual or perceived personal characteristics or group affiliation. The behavior creates conditions that negatively affects the school environment, disrupts student learning, and fosters a climate of fear that can seriously impair the physical and psychological health of students.

Are There Different Types of Bullying, Harassment, or Intimidation?


Bullying, harassment or intimidation can appear in many forms and can include one or more of the following:
Physical bullying involves intentionally hurting a person's body or possessions.
Verbal bullying involves intentionally saying hurtful things.
Non-Verbal bullying involves intentionally hurting a person indirectly through threatening gestures or actions.
Relational or Social bullying involves intentionally hurting a person's reputation or relationships through rumors and social exclusion.
Written, Electronic or Cyber bullying involves intentionally hurting a person with communication done in writing or through the use of an electronic device, media or technology.

What Can You Do?

If you are in real danger, get away as quickly as possible. Record the 5 W’s immediately: Who did the bullying? What happened? When did it happen? Where did it take place? Were there any witnesses?

  • You are not to blame when others mistreat you. Don't let the person bullying you convince you that what they are saying is true. It’s natural to feel emotions such as sadness, fear, loneliness, anger, embarrassment, or helplessness as a result of it.

  • The person bullying you wants you to angry. Try your best to stay calm and respond firmly with 'STOP' or say 'WHATEVER' either in a serious or humorous manner, and walk away. Resist the urge to show your feelings or fight back. It takes a lot of courage and confidence to stand up to the person bullying you, yet it can be very effective if it feels safe to do. As you walk away, keep your mind occupied (try counting backwards from 100) until you are out of the situation and somewhere safe.

  • Don't keep bullying a secret and don't lose hope. Ask for help and report it. Tell your teacher, counselor, principal, coach, a member of your family, or any adult you trust. Ask them to listen and tell them it’s important. Be specific about the bullying behavior, where you are when it occurs, and what you need to feel safe. There is always help for those who ask. When friends and family know about the bullying, they are in a position to support you, keep you safe, and hold those who are bullying accountable. Report each and every incident until it stops. There is no reason for you to ever put up with bullying.

  • Protect your privacy. Don't give people you don't know your phone number, IM name, email or pictures of yourself. Don't respond to someone bullying online. Print or take a screenshot of messages, emails, comments or images that have been posted online to share with a trusted adult as evidence. Delete your account or block the person from contacting you.

  • Think about what you post. You never know what someone will forward. Talk to an adult you trust about any messages you get or things you see online that make you sad, upset or scared.

  • Keep yourself surrounded by people who make you feel good about yourself and share your interests.

  • Try to avoid being alone in places in which the bullying is likely to happen. Make a plan to walk with a friend on the way to school, recess, lunch, or wherever you think you might meet the person doing the bullying.

  • Everyone needs to have a voice about how to stop and prevent bullying in our schools. Find out more about where and when bullying happens. Think about what could help and share your ideas. No one knows about the bullying that goes on in school better than you. Your ideas about what to do are important.

  • Speak up! Be an upstander — someone who speaks in support of the person being bullied, not a bystander. It takes courage, but talking to someone who’s bullying lets them know that their behavior is wrong. Interrupt and question the bullying behavior. Simple things like changing the subject or questioning the behavior can shift the focus. If you’re worried about safety, make sure you tell someone your plan or bring someone with you. Speaking up can make a big difference.

  • Help the person being bullied get away. If it’s safe, help the person being bullied walk away from the situation. You can help by creating a distraction or offering a way for the person to leave with you.

  • Get help. Find an adult to stop the bullying on the spot.

  • The best way to support a friend experiencing bullying is to tell a trusted adult about what happened. Try to involve the person being bullied in the discussion. They might be afraid to tell someone and your encouragement could help. Telling is not tattling when it's done to help someone. Adults can help stop bullying, but only if you tell them.

  • Be a friend, even if this person is not yet your friend. Ask if they are ok and if there’s anything you can do to help and support them. Let them know you don't agree with it and that you care. Being bullied hurts and friends can make a huge difference.

  • Refuse to spread lies and rumors. If you hear a rumor that you know is untrue or sends you a message that is hurtful to someone else, stand up and let the person know it's wrong.

  • Don't give bullying an audience. Don’t passively watch, encourage, or laugh at the jokes and comments being made by the person doing the bullying. Some students continue to bully because they get attention from others. Don't be one of those students. Set a good example for your friends and make it clear to everyone around that the behavior is wrong and then go get help.


  • Establish a safe and supportive environment based on respect and inclusion that supports all students. Students need to see teachers and staff proactively and consistently engaged in bullying prevention in the classroom and throughout the school.

  • Follow MCPS policies and procedures for preventing, identifying, and intervening issues of bullying.

  • Bullying behavior is never tolerated and every adult in the school is responsible for bullying prevention. Know how to respond and report bullying when suspected. Be alert and observant. Monitor students to make sure they interact safely and respectfully. Be present in hallways, restrooms, playgrounds and stairwells. The frequent presence of teachers in all areas of the school helps give students a feeling of safety. Look for warning signs that indicate bullying is occurring. When adults respond in an immediate and consistent manner to incidents of bullying, they send the message that this type of behavior is not tolerated.

  • All reports of bullying must be investigated and every concern a parent has related to any bullying behavior should be examined so that immediate and appropriate school action can be taken.

  • Make sure students know how to respond to and report bullying. Let students know that they can make a difference.

  • Provide families with opportunities to participate in prevention efforts with their children in meaningful and relevant ways that address the academic, social, and well-being of children.

If you witness or suspect an incident of bullying:

  • Intervene immediately to stop it and make sure students are safe.

  • Let the students involved know that bullying is unacceptable and that students who bully others can face a variety of progressive consequences. Calmly refuse to allow students to trivialize the incident (e.g. “it was just a joke”) or justify the behavior.

  • Don't try to mediate. It gives the bullied student and the student doing the bullying an equal voice. Confronting students who bully in front of other students may actually enhance their status and lead to further aggression. Handle the incident individually and privately.

  • Help the bullied student regain self-control and respect. Talk with the student in private to ask what happened or refer them to another supportive adult if they are upset. Never discuss what happened in front of the person doing the bullying. Reassure the student that steps will be taken to ensure their protection. Inform the student's counselor and teachers about happened so that they can provide additional support and protection.

  • Don't publicly put bystanders on the spot to describe what happened. Let them know what you observed and give guidance about how they might appropriately help in the future or acknowledge their efforts to end it. Offer support to bystanders who witness bullying. Students who are bullied or have witnessed bullying may feel powerless, scared, and helpless. It's important to provide them with a voice and ask them what they need to feel safe.

  • Provide reassurance that talking with you is the right thing to do and that they are not to blame for the bullying behavior.

  • Protect students being bullied by providing a safe and secure environment for them to discuss their feelings. The student’s perception of the incident is important even if an adult interprets it differently. Question all students involved separately so that they can talk without being concerned about retaliation or about what other students think or say. Monitor students who have been bullied for signs of trauma. Increase supervision to help ensure it is not repeated and does not escalate.

  • Share information about the incident to the school's counselor, psychologist, or other support professional who can offer a variety of supports, such as counseling, check-ins, social skills groups, or other programs or services.

  • Take appropriate corrective action and complete the MCPS Form 230-35, Bullying, Harassment, or Intimidation Reporting Form.

If an incident of bullying is reported to you:

  • Take all reports seriously, whether it's the bullied student or a witness to the incident. Take the time to listen and ask the right questions. Make sure you get all the facts relative to what took place. An individual incident can seem insignificant until it's put into context. You may uncover a pattern of bullying behavior.

  • Affirm the student's courage in speaking up and reinforce the importance of telling an adult. Many students fail to report bullying out of fear of being labeled a "snitch" by their peers and a fear of retaliation.

  • Reassure the student that steps will be taken to ensure their protection. Emphasize the confidential nature of the discussion and make it clear about who will and will not be given the information.

  • Monitor students who have been bullied for signs of trauma. Increase supervision to help ensure it is not repeated and does not escalate. Share information about the incident to the school's counselor, psychologist, or other support professional.

  • Take appropriate corrective action and complete the MCPS Form 230-35, Bullying, Harassment, or Intimidation Reporting Form.

Information about

Bullying vs. Conflict: What's the Difference?

An important distinction to make between bullying and normal conflict is the intent behind the action. In one way or another, conflict is a part of everyday experience. It's a disagreement or argument in which both sides express their views. People may get frustrated and angry with each other, but typically it doesn't make them feel unsafe or threatened. Bullying, on the other hand, is one-sided behavior meant to intentionally hurt, harm or humiliate someone. It's often about having power and control over someone, not a conflict or disagreement, and it creates fear and and a sense of hopelessness in those who are bullied. Conflict may occur naturally, but bullying behavior does not.


Get The Facts

Common Myths About Bullying

Myth #1
Speaking up about bullying will make it worse


Myth #2
Bullying is just a normal part of growing up


Myth #3
Students who bully have few friends and social skills


Myth #4
Ignoring bullying will make it go away


Myth #5
Students need to learn how to handle it on their own


Myth #6
Bullying behavior is easy to recognize


Myth #7
Students who are bullied will tell an adult about it


Myth #8
Only students who are perceived as different are at risk