Definitions and Data Sources

Term Definition Source Document and/or Department
Advanced Placement/
International Baccalaureate Tests (AP/IB Tests) 

Advanced Placement (AP) tests are part of a College Board program available to high school students. Scores on these tests can be used by students to earn credit or advanced standing in college. Usually a minimum score of 3 is needed to achieve this goal.  International Baccalaureate (IB) tests are part of the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme available to students in participating schools.  Scores on these tests can be used by students to earn credit or advanced standing in college.  Usually a minimum score of 4 is needed to achieve this goal.

Office of Shared Accountability
Attendance Rate

The average daily attendance for a given year is based on the aggregate number of enrolled students who are present in school each day from the first day of school through April 13th. The percentage average daily attendance is calculated by dividing the aggregate number of students in attendance by the aggregate number of students in membership for the same time frame.

MSDE Maryland Report Card
Cluster The geographic grouping of schools within a defined attendance area that includes a high school and the elementary and middle schools which send students to that high school. Regulation FAA-RA, Educational Facilities Planning
Downcounty Consortium

The Downcounty Consortium (DCC) is comprised of Montgomery Blair, Albert Einstein, John F. Kennedy, Northwood, and Wheaton high schools.  Students entering high school participate in a choice process to rank, in order of preference, their choice of high school based on academy program.  School assignments are made using a computerized lottery process that considers base school, sibling link, available space and socioeconomic status.

Division of Consortia Choice and Application Program Services (DCCAPS)
Dropout Rate

The four-year adjusted cohort dropout rate is defined as the number of students who leave school, for any reason other than death, within the four-year period divided by the number of students who form the adjusted cohort.
 
The school years are defined as the first day of the school year through the summer to the first day of the following school year. Student activity that occurs during the summer, including summer withdrawals, are included in the prior year's data.

The four–year adjusted cohort dropout rate is calculated by dividing the number of students who terminate formal education for any reason other than death by the sum of the number of first time ninth graders, the number of students who transfer in, and the number of students who transfer out, emigrate, or die during the four-year period.

MSDE Maryland Report Card
Enrollment

The number of students enrolled in school as of September 30, 2018. Disaggregated figures are a percentage of the total enrollment.

Office of Shared Accountability
ESOL Enrollment

The English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) enrollment is the percentage of students eligible for ESOL services, as of October 31, 2018, divided by the official total student enrollment as of September 30, 2018. This percentage may differ from the ESOL percentage reported in the requested FY 2019 Capital Budget, due to different “as of” reporting dates..

Division of ESOL/Bilingual Programs
FARMS Enrollment

The Free and Reduced-price Meals System (FARMS) enrollment is the percentage of students eligible for FARMS services as of October 31, 2018, divided by the official total student enrollment as of September 30, 2018. This percentage may differ from the FARMS percentage reported in the requested FY 2019 Capital Budget due to “as of” reporting dates.

Division of Food & Nutrition Services
Feeder School

A school that sends its students to another school for the next grade level (e.g., a middle school that feeds a high school by sending its eighth graders to the high school for ninth grade.)  Most schools "feed" 100 percent of their students to the same school.  Those in which the population goes on to more than one school are shown in the profiles of each school.

Division of Capital Planning
Graduation Rate

The four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate is the number of students who graduate in four years with a regular high school diploma divided by the number of students who form the adjusted cohort for the graduating class. For any given cohort, students who are entering Grade 9 for the first time form a cohort that is subsequently “adjusted” by adding any students who transfer into the cohort later during the next three years and subtracting any students who transfer out, emigrate to another country, or die during that same period. 

The four-year graduation rate is calculated by dividing the number of students who graduate within four years, including the summer following their fourth year of high school, with a regular high school diploma by the number of students who form the adjusted cohort for that graduating class. Students who drop out of high school remain in the adjusted cohort—that is, the denominator of the cohort graduation rate calculation.

MSDE Maryland Report Card
Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) refers to the mandate in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004), which states that children with disabilities are to be educated to the maximum extent appropriate with nondisabled peers. MCPS reports LRE settings based on the percent of time a student is educated inside the general education setting.
  • LRE A = Inside General Education Settings 80% or More.
  • LRE B = Inside General Education Settings 40 – 79%.
  • LRE C = Inside General Education Settings Less Than 40%.
 
Office of Special Education
Middle School Magnet Consortium

The Middle School Magnet Consortium (MSMC) is comprised of Argyle, A. Mario Loiederman, and Parkland middle schools.  MSMC students entering middle school participate in a choice process to rank, in order of preference, their choice of middle school based on magnet program.  Rising Grade 6 and 7 students from outside the consortium also may enter the lottery process.  School assignments are made by using a computerized lottery process that considers sibling link, available space and socioeconomic status.

Division of Consortia Choice and Application Program Services (DCCAPS)
Mobility Rate

The student mobility rate is calculated by dividing the sum of entrants and withdrawals by the average daily membership.

 

Entrants: The number and percentage of students entering (transferring in or re-entering) school during the September to June school year after the first day of school.  A student moving from one school to another within the same school district as a result of promotion is not considered to be an entrant for mobility purposes unless the student entered school after the first day.

 

Withdrawals: The number and percentage of students withdrawing (transfers and terminations) for any reason during the September to June school year after the first day of school.

MSDE Maryland Report Card
Northeast Consortium

The Northeast Consortium (NEC) is comprised of James Hubert Blake, Paint Branch, and Springbrook high schools.  NEC students entering high school participate in a choice process to rank, in order of preference, their choice of high school based on signature programs.  School assignments are made by using a computerized lottery process that considers base school, sibling link, available space and socioeconomic status.

Division of Consortia Choice and Application Program Services (DCCAPS)
Race/Ethnic Subgroups & Composition

The U.S. Department of Education required the state education departments to collect and report information on race and ethnicity that is in accordance with federal standards by the 2010–2011 school year.  The federal standards require a two part question on race and ethnicity in data collection and result in the following racial/ethnic subgroups for reporting data.  Subgroup abbreviations are also shown.

  • AM – American Indian or Alaskan Native
  • AS – Asian
  • BL – Black or African American
  • HI – Hispanic/Latino
  • PI – Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
  • WH – White
  • MU – Two or more (multiple) races

Racial/ethnic composition percentages are reported in Schools at a Glance for students, professional staff, and supporting services staff. The student composition percentages are reported for the students enrolled as of September 30, 2018.

Office of Shared Accountability
Receiving School

A school that receives students from another school after promotion (e.g., a high school that receives middle school students promoted from Grade 8 to Grade 9.)  Receiving schools will be shown as part of each school’s profile.

Office of Shared Accountability
SAT

The SAT is a college entrance exam accepted by several hundred colleges across the United States as part of the admissions process. In 2017-2018 school year, the College Board redesigned the SAT with the goal of measuring essential skills for college and career as well as relating the test content to everyday learning in classrooms. The new SAT consists of two sections: Evidenced-based Reading and Writing (ERW) and Math. Each section score ranges from 200 to 800 and the total score of the two sections ranges from 400 to 1600. Given that the scale of the SAT has changed, the College Board does not recommend comparing the performance between the new SAT and the pre-2017 SAT.

Office of Shared Accountability
School Hours The regular school day with a designated starting time and ending time as defined by the local school system. Office of the Chief of School Support and Improvement
Special School

A separate MCPS school/center providing services for children with moderate to severe special education needs. Student needs cannot be met in comprehensive schools. The special schools included are: Stephen Knolls School, Longview School, John L. Gildner Regional Institute for Children and Adolescents (RICA), Rock Terrace School, and Carl Sandburg Learning Center.

Office of Special Education
Special Education

Special education (SPED) means specially designed instruction and related services, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability, including:  1) instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and 2) instruction in physical education.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 2004 Regulations
Suspension Rate The unduplicated count of the number of students suspended divided by the June 30 total enrollment. Office of Shared Accountability
University System of Maryland Entrance Requirements

MSDE calculates the percent of students meeting the University System of Maryland entrance requirements.  Requirements for admission to the University System of Maryland are set by the Board of Regents of the University System of Maryland and, at a minimum, include a cumulative grade point equivalent to a C or better, accumulated course credits in English (4 credits), Social Studies (3 credits), biological and physical sciences (3 credits), mathematics (4 credits), language or advanced technology (2 credits), and a high school diploma.

MSDE Maryland Report Card

University System of Maryland

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