→ Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
→ Voice Recognition (FAQ)
Voice recognition (VR) is also referred to as "speech-to-text," "speech recognition" and "voice typing." In general, voice recognition tools allow individuals to speak to write.
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The ability to use your voice to write was once a specialized accommodation for students with writing defitcits. Now it is ubiquitous. Students may benefit from a quicker way to get their ideas in writing so that they can engage more deeply in revising their work. Some students need a method that can overcome fine motor difficulties. Others struggle with spelling to such a degree that the writing process becomes laborious. For some, speaking to write may come more naturally, and students therefore are more motivated to engage in the writing process.
Graham, 1990, Reece and Cummings 1996
Speech recognition gets past the barrier of transcription (handwriting and spelling)
Higgins & Raskind, 1995
VR enhanced the quality of writing compared to handwriting in college students with LD.
De La Paz, 1999
VR "frees users from worrying about spelling and handwriting, but it imposes new burdens—careful speech, vocabulary building, explicit punctuation, error correction, play back and editing procedures, not to mention the initial training requirements"
MacArthur & Graham, 1991
Researchers concluded: The cognitive demands of writing mechanics interfere with fluency and the quality of writing for LD kids. General dictation [scribing] is 9 times faster than handwriting and 2 times faster than word processing. Mechanical demands interfere with written productivity.
DeLaPaz & Graham, 1997; Reece, 1992
Concluded that neither dictation [i.e., tape recording, scribing] nor [voice] recognition is sufficient by itself to offset the difficulties that persons with LD have in composing.
MacArthur & Calalier 2004
31 10th grade students achieved 85% accuracy on sentence dictation without editing and 92% accuracy with editing.
MS students with writing problems wrote longer papers and made fewer errors using VR compared to average writers.
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The following considerations should be kept in mind when choosing to try voice recognition:
One way to begin is by teaching the student how to use his or her voice to answer questions within digital text. This will help students "think-compose-speak-read and revise. For example:
Voice Typing in Google Docs is free as are many other speech to text apps. See the AT Bid list for Dragon pricing for MCPS schools.
If you have a question about purchasing Dragon for your school please contact:Linda Wilson, HIAT at 301-657-4959
Voice recognition takes training and persistence. The best way to know if a student benefits from voice recognition is to set up a trial period.
Any student can use voice recognition software. However, students do need documentation on their IEP before using "Speech to Text" for testing. Students must be using VR instructionally prior to using it in a testing environment.
Voice recognition should be indicated on the IEP when the IEP team has determined that VR is required for access to the curriculum or to address specific IEP goals. Document VR in the following ways:
Call or email HIAT with your questions.Search the PDO for E-TIPS to see a list of upcoming workshops on these and other topics.