Employee Assistance Program → Shady Grove Health Tips → Sports injuries
Recent research suggests that as many as four in ten emergency room visits for children between 5 and 14 years old are for sports-related injuries. In the U.S. , approximately 30 million children and teens participate in some form of organized sports, and about 3 million injuries occur each year. One in four injuries is considered serious.
Children, teens, middle-aged athletes, and women are at greatest risk for sport injuries. Accidents, poor training practices, improper gear, being out of shape, not warming up or stretching enough can cause injuries. Sports injuries can generally be classified in one of two ways: acute or chronic. Acute injuries occur suddenly during activity. A chronic injury usually results from overusing one area of the body while playing a sport or exercising.
Get a physical to make sure you are healthy before you start playing a sport. Wear the right shoes, gear and equipment. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of liquid before, during, and after practice or competition. Warm up, stretch, and cool down. Warm-up should consist of 15 minutes of sports-specific exercise. This increases the body's heart rate, temperature, and muscle elasticity. Stretching prepares the muscles for activity and prevents injuries from tight soft tissue structures such as muscles and tendons. Stretches should be slow and sustained. Stretch each body part two to three times for 20 to 30 seconds. Cool down exercises loosen the muscles that have tightened during exercise.
If the injury causes severe pain, swelling or numbness and you can't tolerate any weight on the area. Also, if there is pain or a dull ache of an old injury accompanied by increased swelling, joint abnormality or instability.
Harvard Medical School , National SAFE KIDS Campaign, Cleveland Clinic, American Academy of Pediatrics, National Athletic Trainers' Association, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, HealthDay , U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Arthritis & Musculoskeletal & Skin Diseases, and Washington and Shady Grove Adventist Hospitals . The Health Tip of the Week is for educational purposes only. For additional information, consult your physician. Please feel free to copy and distribute this health resource.
Shady Grove Adventist Hospital is located at 9901 Medical Center Drive in Rockville . For more information or to receive our newsletter with details about medical services, health classes, and upcoming events, go to www.ShadyGroveAdventistHospital.com . To find a local physician, call 1-800-642-0101 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.