Division of ESOL/Bilingual Programs → About ESOL/Bilingual Programs → Terms and Acronyms Used in ESOL
ACCESS for ELLs – Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State-to-State for English Language Learners. ACCESS for ELLs is the annual English language proficiency test that is aligned to the World Class Instructional Design and Assessment (WIDA) English language development standards. WIDA, a consortium of 31 states, provides a research based framework that informs the range of academic English that must be acquired in all core academic content areas. Maryland joined the WIDA consortium in June 2011.
AMAO – Annual Measurable Achievement Objectives. AMAOs are set annually by the Maryland State Department of Education that specify the percentage of ESOL students yearly who are expected to progress toward English language proficiency (AMAO I), attain English language proficiency (AMAO II), and demonstrate adequate yearly progress in reading and math at the county level (AMAO III).
ELL – English Language Learner (also seen in the literature as English Learner (EL)). An ELL is a student who uses a language in addition to or other than American English.
EL Plan – The EL Plan is the accommodations documentation for ELLs who qualify for the ESOL program. It is required in Grades 2-12 for all levels of English language proficiency.
ELP – English Language Proficiency (ELP). The degree to which a student is able to use and comprehend American English as a language of instruction.
ELP Programs – ELP Programs are curricula developed to prepare a student to be able to use American English as a language of instruction.
Adopted ELP Programs – Adopted English Language Proficiency Programs identify published programs that have been purchased for schools with Teacher's Guides, Student Books, Assessments, and other instructional materials. A curriculum has been adopted for the beginning and intermediate levels of ESOL for middle school and high school.
ESOL – English for Speakers of Other Languages. This term is used to identify the programs, staff and students served by the Division of ESOL/Bilingual Programs.
ESOL Assessments – ESOL formative assessments are designed by ESOL teachers to measure the English language proficiency (ELP) levels of all ESOL students in listening, speaking, reading, and writing academic English. ESOL Rubrics and/or World Class Instructional Design and Assessment Performance Definitions are used for scoring purposes, and should be used to provide feedback to ESOL students on the progress they make toward ELP. County wide ESOL summative assessments are administered at the high school level to measure the ELP levels of all high school ESOL students.
Essential Questions – Essential questions are focus questions for a unit of study.
Indicators – Indicators are observable behaviors that demonstrate a student's mastery of the content and skills which students are expected to learn during the course of each thematic unit. These indicators reference the Montgomery County Public School English/Language Arts Framework.
K W-APT – Kindergarten WIDA ACCESS Placement Test. The K W-APT is the English language proficiency test used to screen English language learners in Kindergarten through the first semester of Grade 1 determine eligibility for ESOL services, The K W-APT is aligned to the WIDA English language development standards.
LEP – Limited English Proficient. An acronym used at the federal level to describe English language learners who participate in the ESOL program.
PreLAS – PreLAS is the test of English language proficiency administered to pre-kindergarten ELLs upon entry to MCPS. Assessment results are used by ELL Teams to help make decisions as to each student's participation in the ESOL program.
RELL – Reclassified English Language Learner (also referred to as reclassified English Learner (REL)). An RELL is a student who has exited the ESOL program within the last two years.
REL Plan – The REL Plan is an accommodations documentation for ELLs who have exited the ESOL program within the last two years. It is required in Grades 2-12 for all RELLs.
TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language. The results of the TOEFL are used for college admissions.
W-APT - WIDA ACCESS Placement Test. The W-APT is the English language proficiency test used to screen English language learners in their second semester of Grade 1 through grade 12 to determine eligibility for ESOL services, The W-APT is aligned to the WIDA English language development standards.